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In textiles, you may come across woven fabric or knitted fabric. The difference between these two textiles is primarily in the production method.
Types of knit
Textiles can be manufactured in several ways. Woven fabric is made on a loom by crossing the warp and weft. Knitted fabric is the result of the interweaving of one or several sets of threads. You’ll recognise knit very easily, because loops form on its surface.
· Knit is divided into two basic groups.
1) Weft knit, which is made from a transverse set of threads.
2) Warp knit, which is created from a longitudinal set of threads.
The subsequent use of these fabrics for the manufacturing of clothing or other textile products is also different. Weft knit is further processed into plush (sportswear and baby clothes), fleece (sweatshirts and winter clothes) and pique (popular polo shirts). Warp knit is used for the production of knitted lace, leotards, satin fabric and filet knit. Knit excels in one particular property, which is it's high elasticity. Another welcome property is crease resistance.
Many possible uses
Two types of knit are most commonly used. Jersey – its hallmark is a smooth front side, and semicircular loops on the reverse. This knit is used for the production of t-shirts, leggings, shorts and dresses. Interlock knit – characterised mainly by the fact that the front and reverse sides are practically identical, and have alternating front and back ribs. If we lay down the fabric loosely, we see only the front loops. When stretched, the reverse loops appear. This type of fabric is used in the production of warmer long-sleeved t-shirts, polo necks and cardigans.
§ Other types of knit include
- ribbing, fine rib – this material is also interlock, and therefore is used in cuffs and sweatshirt hems. It’s also used for the production of hats and neck warmers.
- French terry – this fabric consists of a basic and filling thread. It’s made with either an uncombed or a combed reverse side, with added Lycra or polyester. This material is suitable for the production of tracksuit bottoms and sweatshirts.